Within the pages, chapter after chapter, the efforts to exclude African Americans unfold from the most contradictory places. For example, Southern senators and congressmen supported the economic reforms of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s New Deal, but only if it excluded industries in which African Americans predominated, such as agriculture. Public housing was initiated with rapid population growth during World War II, but it was officially segregated. White war worker housing was built close to white residential areas, and black war worker housing was located along the railroads and close to industrial areas. Rothstein describes how the Federal Housing Authority (FHA)—created in 1934 to insure mortgages that allowed middle class renters to buy houses—discouraged banks from offering any loans in urban neighborhoods preferring newly built suburbs. There were specific cases where banks were willing to issue mortgages if the FHA would have approved them, yet according to The Color of Law, the agency stated that ’no loans will be given to coloured developments’ (66). Rothstein also details how the US Departmet of Veterans Affairs (VA), which guaranteed mortgages to returning servicemen, had similar policies, even relying on the FHA Underwriting Manual. In many cases, the VA would not insure an individual mortgage if the subdivision was not all white residents. Thus, these federal agencies fully supported developments that had restrictive racial covenants sponsoring private entities that banned and discriminated against African Americans. Rothstein’s book presents the brazen discriminatory language used in most of these covenants. One such document reads as follows: “The real property above described, or any portion thereof, shall never be occupied, used or resided on by any person not of the white or Caucasian race, except in the capacity of a servant or domestic employed theron [sic] as such by a white Caucasian owner” (78-79). The last part of this statement indicates that the desire was not for African Americans to disappear but to remain in their would-be predetermined station in life. Ultimately, The Color of Law exposes myriad racially exclusive tactics, policies, and programs that federal, state, and local governments sanctioned: from exclusionary zoning to redlining/devaluing integrated neighborhoods, Section 8 public housing voucher programs, and the policy in which the Internal Revenue Service granted tax-exempt status to churches, hospitals, universities, neighborhood associations, and other groups that promoted residential segregation, which reinforced the desire to keep African Americans from full participation in American democracy. Whites wanted superiority at all costs.